The European Super Cup is a continental football competition, organized by UEFA , which faces the Champions League and Europa League champions .
The competition was created in 1971 by Anton Witkamp in search of a different format to decide which is the best team in Europe. It was later proposed to be disputed by the European Cup champion and the European Cup Winners' Cup winner. At the time that Witkamp sought to be considered as an official tournament, in the first instance, UEFA rejected his idea. For this reason, the first officially recognized final was played in 1973, in which Ajax beat Milan by a 6-1 aggregate result.
Although the knockout format was maintained until 1997, the European Super Cup had to be decided by only one match in the 1984, 1986 and 1991 editions due to calendar problems or political conflicts. The title was deserted in 1974, when Bayern and Magdeburg did not agree to find a date, in 1981, when Liverpool had no gap in the calendar to face Dinamo Tbilisi, and in 1985, when English clubs were sanctioned without playing European competitions.
With the creation of the Champions League and the UEFA Cup / Europa League , the participants became the champions of the two new main competitions .
Since 2014, the European Super Cup was moved from the end of August to a Tuesday in the middle of the same month, to adapt to the new dates of the calendar of national teams matches set by FIFA.
In the event of a tie on the scoreboard after 90 minutes, an extension is played with two halves of 15 minutes each. If equality persists, the champion is decided with a penalty shoot-out.
Originally, the European Super Cup was played in a double game format in the stadiums of the participants. Norm that changed in 1998, when it was changed to a single match in the neutral field of the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Since 2013, the headquarters has been changing every year for different locations in Europe.Liverpool, Chelsea, Manchester United, Nottingham Forest, Aston Villa have won the European Super Cup.